Schirmer HKA, Scott WW. Prostatic Cancer and Irradiation: Its Possible Mode of Action and its Clinical Indication. Southern Med Journal. 1967. 60;6:578-82.
|HKA Schirmer (2nd from left, last row) |
and WW Scott (2nd from right, 1st row), 1986-87.
Based on the observations that (1) cancer cells derive chemical energy from lactic acid fermentation rather than oxidative metabolism (i.e. the Warburg effect; see FIGURE 2), (2) radiation preferentially affects cells undergoing aerobic metabolism, and (3) the catalase enzyme can attenuate the response of cells to radiation by reducing hydroxyl radical and molecular oxygen; Schirmer and Scott investigated the levels of catalase in normal prostate, well- and poorly-differentiated prostate cancers. They found that the catalase activity of normal prostate was 35 fold higher than catalase activity in prostate cancer. In addition, they found that well-differentiated prostate cancers had 6-fold higher catalase activity than poorly-differentiated cancers. They found corresponding decreases in oxygen consumption (i.e. respiration) and increases in glycolysis.
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